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M01  Gargaliani Kalantina (1)
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Periods Represented
Tile: (Hist)
Max Dimension
100 m. (N/S) x 70 m. (E/W)
Actual Area in Hectares
On-site Density (Sherds per Hecatare)
Ratio of On-site Density to Off-site Density
Collection Strategy
Selection (S) => Grab by locus (L)
Location and Description

Site M1 is located on the plateau between Gargaliani and Lefki, ca. 1.4 km. S of the outskirts of the former town, and is centered at the E edge of a flat basin, now covered with grasses and surrounded by maquis to the N, E, and S.[091.09] It is possible that, in the past, the basin was a marsh or wetland, attractive to both animals and humans.

The sides of the basin are low (on the E, at most ca. 1.5 m. H.) and eroded; here and there amidst bedrock outcrops are patches of very deep red Pleistocene soil. Pottery and stone tools erode from scarps where this soil is exposed at the edge of the basin[091.11]; in other places, near the edge, artifacts can be seen resting on eroded and deflated deposits of soil where they are not covered by maquis. Numerous goat paths lace the maquis and there can be little doubt that erosion of the site is at present being accelerated by pasturing.

The small amount of pottery recovered from Kalantina (1) consists almost exclusively of a distinctive EH II coarse ware (Nozaina ware), otherwise found by us only at coastal sites (e.g., I20 (Nozaina) and I28 (Vergina Rema).

Intervisible Sites
Gargaliani Ayios Konstadtinos (M4)
Artifact Summary

As at sites I20 (Nozaina) and I28 (Vergina Rema), the small amount of pottery recovered from this site consists almost exclusively of a distinctive EH II coarse ware (Nozaina ware). Site M1 shows that this ware, and thus EH II settlement, is not just a coastal phenomenon.

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