BGU 4.1166


Work in progress!

A translation of all documents from ancient Alexandria that survive on papyrus.

BGU 1166

Loan (synchoresis)

March 25, 13 BC

(a) Addressee

To Protarchos,

(b1) Party 1

|2 from Gaius Iulius Philios,

(b2) Party 2

and from Helenos (a slave) of Caesar (Augustus), a Persian of the |3 epigone, and from his wife Tryphaina the daugher of Ptolemaios, a Persian, |4 acting with her husband as guardian.

(c) Declaration about the receipt of the loan

Concerning the points at issue, Helenos |5 and Tryphaina agree that they have received from Gaius Iulius Philios a loan through the |6 money-changing bank of Kastor of 100 silver drachmas at a rate of two drachmas (per 100 drachmas) |7 per month in interest, which they also agree to repay in ... months |8 starting from Phamenoth of the present 17th year of Caesar (Augustus), by paying the |9 interest each month in an orderly fashion and the principal in the last month without any postponement,

(d) Penalty clause

|10 or else they agree that they are immediately liable to seizure and that they can be held under arrest until they pay |11 the loan plus 50% but the interest without an additional 50%, and for the time that has passed (the due date) they agree to pay the same interest, |12 while the right to execute (the claim) belongs to Gaius Iulius Philios from the |13 debtors, who are mutually responsible for payment, and from whomever of them he chooses and from all of their belongings |14 as if by virtue of a legal verdict, with all the safeguards (and) every kind of protection they adduce being without effect.

(e) Note on another loan

|15 This loan is apart from the other principal which the same Helenos |16 together with Harpokration the son of Areios and Tryphaina the daughter of Areios owes |17 Gaius Iulius Philios in accordance with another agreement through the same tribunal.

(f) Request for registration

|18 We request (registration).

(g) Date

|19 Year 17 of Caesar (Augustus), Phamenoth 29.

Send your comments to

© Peter van Minnen 2007